Aphasia is a neurological disorder caused by brain damage. Brain areas that are responsible for speech and language processing &/ production are affected. Persons with aphasia are characterized by loss of ability to understand and express spoken &/ or written language. It is most common among the elderly population.
Brain tumor/ disease
Difficulty to speak
Difficulty to name objects & / people
Difficulty in the selection of "right" words while speaking
Difficulty in understanding and responding to conversations
Types of aphasia
Global aphasia - Severe form of aphasia characterized by a few recognizable words and understand little/ no spoken language.
Broca's aphasia - Characterized by a relatively better understanding of speech and limited speech output.
Wernicke's aphasia - Characterized by an impaired understanding of speech and relatively better speech output. But the speech output will mostly be irrelevant with non-meaningful words or wrong selection of words.
Anomic aphasia - Characterized by impaired naming skills and word-finding difficulties. Speech understanding and output are relatively preserved.
These are the most common types of aphasia. However, there are other intricate and related varieties too.
How does speech and language therapy help?
Improves communication skills (speech, language, and cognitive skills)
Improves participation in conversations and hence in family and society
Improves confidence and motivation levels to communicate
Improves quality of life
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